傅文俊数绘摄影的写意方式 Ways of Xieyi Presented in Fu Wenjun’s Digital Pictorial Photography

傅文俊数绘摄影的写意方式

Ways of Xieyi Presented in Fu Wenjun’s Digital Pictorial Photography

展览时间:2018年1月1日-20日

Exhibition duration: 1st – 20th January 2018

 

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文化融合与数绘摄影

——读傅文俊近作

文/王 林(艺术批评家)

艺术创作始终是个人的事儿。一个人生活在这个信息纷纭、资讯繁复的世界上,最要面对的便是多元文化的交流、碰撞、冲突和融合。美国学者塞缪尔·亨廷顿抽出其冲突方面,视之为世界分裂的依据。然而,冲突固然不可避免,政治家也念念不忘利用它来为自己的政治目的服务。但所谓文化,说到底也就是人在不同环境和不同历史中的生存方式。所以,相信人类有共同属性的人们总会努力,去做世界文化在碰撞中的交流和在冲突中的融合。因为对个人而言,文化的丰富性——古今往来,东西南北——既是精神充实的基础,亦是个性独特的前提。傅文俊有志于此,善莫大焉。

傅文俊在世界各地穿行,用镜头收集为之感动的图像,从建筑到街景,从人像到艺术品。他从不依靠瞬间抓拍来完成作品。从一开始,就通过拍摄来为后期绘制作准备。为此,他更多关注那些实体感强的对象,以弥补电脑图像的虚拟性。他把以前对东西文化对比的兴趣,转移到世界文化的古今变化上。这种调整使傅文俊在很大程度上得以摆脱意识形态制约,重返艺术天性与文化感悟的创造性过程。近作中异乎寻常的偶发与任意,显然体现出他离距操控性力量的自由与自信。

首先,他已不在乎摄影和绘画的区别,其画面往往通过对摄影图像的破坏而成形。这不独是因为遗存的残缺本身就承载着历史沧桑,更是因为在不同文化的相互关系中,某种文化的完整性并不存在。要求这种完整性往往是出于文化霸权的要求。从某种意义上讲,亨廷顿正是秉持西方文化中心论,才会得出文化必然冲突、世界必然分裂的结论。原文化主义和原教旨主义一样,在今天已无胜利之可能。传统文化的零散化、片段化,与当代文化的开放性、包容性和相互嵌入的可能性是相辅相成的。当我们在傅文俊作品中,看到相距万里、相隔千年的不同文化如此协调地并置一处时,你可以感到,今天的人们确已生活在新的文化心理之中。

对傅文俊而言,各种文化的交集是自然而然的,他要面对的无非是眼前这台将一切图像汇聚其中的电脑视屏。摄影素材进入其中,早已离开来源现场,成为激发灵感的资讯。他之所为乃是如何去感受历史和今天、对象和个人的关系。因为有破坏的自由与重组的可能,傅文俊既不在乎摄影的纪实性,亦不在乎绘画的风格化。随手涂鸦的线条、任意隐显的形体、突如其来的光暗以及基调单纯或冷暖复杂的色彩,再加上摄影后期处理的各种手段,使傅文俊眼前画面极具变化性:叠加与透明、高清与朦胧、实体与空灵、大笔横扫与颗粒变化等等。傅文俊真正进入到电脑快捷处理、临场自由发挥临场发挥的创作状态。这种创作状态是发生学和过程性的,其个人特点的形成既非理思亦非规约,而是主观构想与潜能激发相互作用、相互推动的结果。我们从画面上斑驳、绚丽、丰富甚至繁复到极致的色彩效果,可以感受到傅文俊创作时的兴奋,其中充满激越的艺术天分与冲动的美学追求。

傅文俊作品的后期制作占了很大比重,但不同于电脑绘画的是,他始终不弃摄影形象,在虚幻图绘中仍然留恋摄影与真实的联系。他的摄影是不断被绘制涂改的摄影;他的绘画是手工性无法完成的绘画。正是在真与幻、实与虚的无穷变化中,艺术或能捕捉到历史与人、人与历史的秘密。

有感于傅文俊作为一个摄影艺术家与众不同的创作面貌,我称其近作为“数绘摄影”。

Culture Integration and Digital Pictorial Photography

— Review on Fu Wenjun’s recent artworks

Wang Lin, Art critic

Art creation is always a personal matter. We live in a world with diverse and complicated information, so it’s crucial to be able to face the multi-cultural communication, collision, conflict and integration. The American scholar Samuel P. Huntington draws out the aspect of conflict, and believes it as the proof of world split. However, the conflict is inevitable, and the politicians never forget to make use of it to serve their political purposes. But the so-called culture, to the end, is the way of living under different circumstances and different historical moments. Therefore, people who believe in common human natures will always strive for the world cultures’ communication among the collisions and for the integration among the conflicts. In personal terms, the diversity of culture — from ancient to modern times, in every corner of the world — is the base of spiritual abundance as well as the precondition for personality. It is noteworthy that Fu Wenjun aspires to it.

Fu Wenjun travels around the world and collects the images that inspire him, from architecture to street scenes, from portraits to artworks. He doesn’t rely on image shot straight away to complete his works. Just from the beginning, while shooting, he’s getting prepared for the later stage of “painting”. He is more interested in the solid subjects, in order to make up the virtuality of the digital images. His attention moves from the comparison of the Western and the Eastern culture into the changes of the world cultures from the ancient times to now. This makes Fu Wenjun be able to get rid of the restriction of ideology, going back to the creative process inspired by the artistic nature and the perception on cultures. In his recent works, the extraordinary accidental and arbitrary elements obviously show his freedom and confidence on separating himself from the power of control.

Firstly, he doesn’t care about the difference between photography and painting. His works come into being by the destruction of the photographic images. This is not only because the incomplete remains carry the vicissitudes of history, but also because, within the mutual relationship of different cultures, the integrity of a certain culture doesn’t exist. The demand of this integrity starts always from the cultural hegemony. In a sense, Huntington believes in Western culture-centered theory, so that he draws the conclusion: cultures are bound to conflict, world is bound to split. Cultural and religious fundamentalism can’t succeed in our times. The traditional culture is scattered and fragmentary, the contemporary culture is open, tolerant and integrative, meanwhile both are inseparably interconnected. In the works of Fu Wenjun, you can find that the different cultures with a very long distance and time can be juxtaposed harmoniously, so you can feel that nowadays people really live with a new cultural psychology.

To Fu Wenjun, diverse cultural integration is a very natural thing; what he should face is just the computer screen that gathers all images. Photographic source materials have left their original situation, go into the computer and become the information that will stimulate the artist’s inspiration. What he is doing is to feel the relationship between history and present time, the objects and the individuals. Because Fu Wenjun has the freedom of destruction and the possibility of recombination, he doesn’t care about the documentary nature of the photography, neither the style of painting. Thanks to scrawl lines, freely-appearing or hidden forms, unexpected light and darkness, simple or cool-warm combined colors, and various photo post-treatment methods, his artwork images are very variable: juxtaposition and transparency, high definition and obscurity, solid and dreamlike effects, harsh brushstrokes and slight changes. Fu Wenjun has really entered a computer quick processing and freely on-the-spot creative state, which is phylogenic and stepwise. The formation of his personal style is not rational nor based on the regulations, but is the result of the interaction and the mutual promotion between the subjective conception and the potentiality stimulation. From the mottled, bright, abundant and even extremely complicated color effects, we can feel Fu Wenjun’s excitement during the art creation, filled with intense art endowments and impulsive aesthetic pursuits.

In Fu Wenjun’s works, post-production is an important part, but different from computer painting, he never gives up with the images shot and throughout the illusory image drawing he always loves the relation between photography and reality. His photography is the result of a continuous drawing and altering process; his “painting” is a “painting” which can’t be finished by hand. Just along with the endless changes of reality and illusion, fact and fiction, the art probably can catch the secrets within history and human beings, human beings and history.

Inspired by Fu Wenjun’s distinctive creation as a photography artist, I call his recent works “digital pictorial photography”.

 

“墨”影淋漓

——读傅文俊数绘摄影

文/樊  欢

细品极思,“数绘摄影”,珠玑四字,巧然囊括技术痕迹与成像效果。较抽象摄影、全息摄影等单一分类性称谓,自有其独到之处,十分耐人寻味。究其何为数绘,意即通过计算机数字处理,显现出刻绘的图像表征。当然,其同数码图像的决定性区别,乃是摄影本身同现实的紧密联系,让数绘摄影可在现成的既定物象中,流露出人性思考的深邃表达。

摄影术借助光完成对现实的复制,从其诞生伊始,便冲击了以透视和解剖为安身立命之本的西方古典绘画传统。波德莱尔否定摄影,认为它对自然的客观摹写俨然成为“绝对的艺术(the absolute of arts)”,磨灭了个人、个体及个性的演绎空间。时至今日,摄影蕴含的独特艺术魅力,已重归尊重,达成共识。颇多艺术家在固化的现实情境中,不懈地尝试,以求争取艺术自由表现的可能性,傅文俊便是众者之一。他在创作中融入电子技术,手动操作以表达原定的预设想法,从个人情愫的感受出发,呈现对社会、生活、历史的反思。

傅文俊近期的摄影作品,在语言表达的逻辑层面,发生了明显的转化。之前的创作,以时空幻置的剧场感呈现,其人形、物象多以复绘重组的形态浮出,偏执探究历史文化、社会变革与个人异化之间的宏大关系,一如格林伯格所定义的摄影,有着“技术+讲故事(storytelling)”的叙事性与观念性。近作宛若芳心一转,陷入单纯的心境。其艺术创作的方法依旧如常,然归结起来,大致有以下两个鲜明新特征:一是图像细节的消失,重在模糊物象的形体感知;二是“墨”影的潺动,其黑白关系的处理,在哑黄色纸张上,似淋漓般意犹未尽。

就前者而言,细节的消失强化了所摄物象的特征,使其更具有意象性。在抽离本体形象的过程中,即消匿过程中,凸显图像所刻画的真实与自然原有的现实的矛盾。物象仅在局部特征的提醒下复原图像,但真实似乎又已远去。其反锐化的技术处理,改变、置换、消解了自然的既定形象,以分离的局部协调整体的平衡。清晰与模糊,真实与现实,清醒与困惑,都在逐渐消退处的图像中,留有可辨可识可思的程式。就后者而言,潺动的“墨”影实为中国画笔墨浸染宣纸的效果。而傅文俊近作,用摄影探索表达边界,在介于似是而非的表现之间,营造出烟波浩渺的氛围。其图式抽离后的表意倾向,以留白等传统水墨布局手法实现。在摄影的视觉感官上,接近水墨笔触的淋漓感。无论是动物形象,还是建筑简图,其表现性、表意性或者写意性都有充分的流露。

傅文俊的近作,通过探索拓宽了数绘摄影表达的可能性。其图式转变,将中国传统笔墨经验以新的方式延展,为其个人表达留有更新的空间,也在具象与抽象的图式上有所思考。傅文俊作品中蕴含着精心雅致的构思及纷繁变化的手法,其中的叙事、观念与写意无疑能立足当代视角给予艺术新的启示。

 

Show Vividly Traces of “Ink”

— Reading of Fu Wenjun’s Digital Pictorial Photography

Fan Huan

I taste intensively the term “Digital Pictorial Photography”, and I feel its excellency in summarizing ingeniously the technique applied and the image formation effects. Compared with the single – classified terms of Abstract Photography or Holography, it has distinctive qualities, affording me much food for thought. So what does Digital Pictorial Photography refer to? With the application of computer digital processing, depicted image representation is manifested. Certainly, its decisive difference from digital pictures consists in the close link between photography and reality, providing Digital Pictorial Photography the possibility to display profound expression of humanity reflection within already existed objects.

Photography, with the help of light, accomplishes the task of duplicating the reality. Ever since its invention, it had impacted the Western classic drawing tradition that had been developing on the basis of perspective and dissection. Charles Baudelaire denied the photography. He believed if its subjective imitation of nature became “the absolute of arts”, this fact would leave no space for the interpretation of a person, an individual and his personality. Today, the unique art charm endowed by photography has achieved its respect, which has come to an agreement in the society. Many artists are trying constantly, in the fossilized reality context, to fight for free artistic expression possibilities, and Fu Wenjun is one of them. In the creation, he gets the digital technology involved, operates manually to delivery pre – defined messages, starting from a personal emotional feeling, with the purpose of presenting his reflection towards the society, life and history.

In the recent photography works of Fu Wenjun, there is a clear change regarding the logic aspect of language expression. His previous works manifest a dramatic feeling provided by the imaginary placement of time and space, in which human figures and objects are featured in an overlying, multiply depicted way, intending to explore a grand relation of history and culture, social transformation and personal dissimilation. It belongs to Clement Greenberg’s definition of photography: narration and concepts of “technique + storytelling”. While these recent works have changed, they show a pure mental state. His creation method remains the same, which can be summarized in two aspects listed below. First, to make disappear the image details, and to attach importance to the form sensation of blurry objects. Second, traces of “ink” turn up; the treatment of white and black relation is manifested vividly on the low gloss yellow paper, tasting excellent to the last drop.

In terms of the first aspect, the disappearance of details has intensified the character of the objects captured by the camera, giving them more imagery. In the process of dissociating original figures, that is a process of gradual disappearing, what is highlighted is the contradiction existed between the reality depicted by the image and the natural original reality. The objects’ image can be restored only with the help of local features, but the veracity seems to go far away. The anti-sharpen technical treatment has changed, replaced, removed the fixed figures existing in the nature, harmonizing the separated parts with an overall balance. Clearness and blurry, veracity and reality, clarity and confusion can still be found in the gradually disappearing images, as well the patterns for distinguishing, recognizing and thinking. In terms of the second aspect, flowing “ink” traces are actually a shading effect known in Chinese traditional painting produced by Chinese painting brush on the Xuan Paper. The recent works of Fu Wenjun aims at exploring the expression border of photography, creating a dimly discernible atmosphere with a specious expression. The imagery tendency after the dissociation of image patterns is realized by some traditional Chinese ink painting layout methods like the blank-leaving. The photography on the visual sense has a vivid display inspired by ink painting brush strokes. Whatever animals or architecture, the qualities of expression, imagery or Xieyi (drawing the spirits of things) are fully manifested in Fu Wenjun’s Digital Pictorial Photography.

The recent works of Fu Wenjun has widened the expression possibility of Digital Pictorial Photography through his exploration. His transformation of image patterns has expanded in a new way the traditional Chinese ink painting experience, which provides him a new space for his personal presentation, and brings thinking to the image patterns of figurative and abstract. His works contain an elegant and elaborate conception as well as complicated techniques, and with no doubt the narration, concepts and Xieyi presented in the works, with the basis of contemporary point of view, can give new inspiration to our art.